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Follow sugar’s historical journey across the world and the advances in technology that allow us to enjoy sugar today. 21. It is widely believed that cane sugar was first used by man in Polynesia from where it spread to India. Dioscorides, De Materia Medica: Book Two (50-70). By 1890, sugar beet factories were established in Watsonville and Alvarado.25, In Peru, W.R. Grace Company developed the first industrial-scale conversion of bagasse into paper.26, The mechanization of sugar cane cultivation began when 16 whole stalk harvesters were successfully used to harvest cane in Louisiana in 1938, and by 1946 (because of wartime labor shortages), 422 whole stalk machines cut 63% of the crop in Louisiana.27, The Sugar Research Foundation patented colorless sterile invert sugar.28, The first bagasse diffuser, based on the existing technology of Egyptian diffusers, was installed in South Africa.29. Molasses reached England by late 1200s, coming from Sicily. Sugarcane has been recognised as an important industrial crop. While chewing sugar cane for its sweet taste was likely done in prehistory, the first indications of the domestication of sugar cane were around 8000 BCE. 5. This is about the time that references to growing cane in the Mediterranean appear. 1. The one know best is the Saccharum offcinarum which is the main source of sucrose. Geoff Burrows and Ralph Shlomowitz, “The Lag in the Mechanization of the Sugarcane Harvest: Some Comparative Perspectives,” Agricultural History 66, no. Carbohydrates come from foods such as fruits, starches, beans/peas, and vegetables. Live Science is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. 28. 14. 3. There are six different types of sugar cane. NY 10036. 3 (1992): 69. http://www.jstor.org.mutex.gmu.edu/stable/3744501. Robert M. Harveson, “History of Sugarbeets,” Accessed June 18, 2018, https://cropwatch.unl.edu/history-sugarbeets. It contributes 7 percent of gross domestic product and generates 22 percent of … Noël Deerr, The History of Sugar: Volume One (London: Chapman and Hall, Ltd., 1949), 102-4. Jumping forward to modern day, the sugar skull is now an important integral part of the Dia de los Muertos celebration. Ann Pearlman, The Christmas Cookie Club: A Novel (Simon and Schuster, 2009), 234. Please refresh the page and try again. I. Voigt, “The Implementation of South African Sugar Technology: The World’s Largest Sugarcane Diffusers,” South African Sugar Technologists’ Association 82 (2009): 270. https://www.sasta.co.za/wp-content/uploads/Proceedings/2000s/2009%20Voigt.pdf. Indeed, Magellan’s circumnavigation of 1519-1522 proved that the territories visited by Columbus weren’t even parts of Asia, but a continent that could offer little in the way of spices and manufactured g… Sugar production was the one of the key export; therefore, sugarcane farming drove the development agenda in Fiji. Andreas Marggraf, “Experiences chimiques faites dans le dessein de tirer un veritable sucre de diverses plantes, qui croissant dans nos contrees,” Histoire de l’academie royale des sciences et belles-lettres de Berlin, 1747. Frederick Kurzer, “The Life and Work of Edward Charles Howard,” Annals of Science 56:2, 1999. Sugar has a poor reputation as being an enemy when it comes to creating a nutritious and well-balanced diet. Noël Deerr, The History of Sugar: Volume One (London: Chapman and Hall, Ltd., 1949), 100. “SKIL- History of Sugar,” Accessed March 7, 2018, http://www.sucrose.com/lhist.html. Crystallise. Sugar is knitted deeply into the historical and cultural fabrics of the people of Barbados. Sugar, or White Gold, as British colonists called it, was the engine of the slave trade that brought millions of Africans to the Americas beginning in the early 16th-century. This is why they ultimately made use of a sugaring paste or wax called ‘moum’ made of sugar, water, and lemon for removing hair. By the mid 16th-century the Portuguese had brought some to Brazil and, soon after, the sweet cane made its way to British, Dutch and French colonies such as Barbados and Haiti. Molasses History . Sugar cane — native to Southeast Asia — first made its way to the New World with Christopher Columbus during his 1492 voyage to the Dominican Republic, where it grew well in the tropical environment. Immediate Energy. White Gold, as British colonists called it, was the engine of the slave trade that brought millions of Africans to the Americas beginning in the early 16th-century. Sugar contributes to the texture of food, such as in meringue and biscuits. The Persian women were the first to approve a hairless body to be the epitome of beauty and youth. Accessed March 8, 2018, http://www.bestofsicily.com/mag/art143.htm. Profit from the sugar trade was so significant that it may have even helped America achieve independence from Great Britain. 10. Sugar cane. Britain lost its 13 American colonies to independence in part because its military was busy protecting its sugar islands, many historians have argued. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. 9. The history of sugar. 20. This is an important role of sugar in most baking applications. History of Sugar While chewing sugar cane for its sweet taste was likely done in prehistory, the first indications of the domestication of sugar cane were around 8000 BCE. Sugar was only known in Europe after the 8th century. Because of that, early human civilizations tried to find and cultivate plants and fruits that had the most amount of sugar in them. A public information program aimed at establishing the facts concerning sugar and health was developed to provide consumers with the information they were seeking. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. http://www.bestofsicily.com/mag/art143.htm, http://www.sugarhistory.net/who-made-sugar/history-of-sugar/, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/000337999296445, https://patents.google.com/patent/US236389, https://cropwatch.unl.edu/history-sugarbeets, http://www.jstor.org.mutex.gmu.edu/stable/3744501, https://patents.google.com/patent/US2758040A/en, https://www.sasta.co.za/wp-content/uploads/Proceedings/2000s/2009%20Voigt.pdf. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Sugar drove the expansion of European empires in the Atlantic world. Noël Deerr, The History of Sugar: Volume One (London: Chapman and Hall, Ltd., 1949), 208. If you are not familiar with glycolic acid; it is type of acid compound … Sugar is a substance filled with natural sweet ingredients that pack high concentration of calories and flavors that can greatly enrich our food and calm our emotions and mood swings. 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